Higdon Timeline

1864
December 13

Anne Catherine Schollick born

Anne Catherine Schollick born, in Poulton-cum-Seacombe, Chesire
1869
August 21

Thomas Higdon born

Thomas A1:D70 Higdon born, in the parish of East Pennard, Somerset
1896
July 4

Tom and Annie are married

Tom and Annie are married in the Holy Trinity Church, Clifton, Gloucester
1901
July 26

Tom highly praised

Tom is highly praised in a testimonial written by the the Rector of St James’s Piccadilly on behalf of the school managers
1902
April 14

Wood Dalling County School

Commencement of teaching positions at Wood Dalling County School, Norfolk
August 2

Inadequate staffing levels at Wood Dalling

The school inspector report refers to inadequate staffing levels at Wood Dalling, just as Annie had already raised.
October 22

Tom ends up assaulting local farmer

Tom ends up assaulting local farmer, Mr Gamble for repeating taking children out of school to do farm work
November 16

Reports of Tom’s assault

The Norwich Mercury reports of Tom’s assault case.
1904
May 2

Higdons and managers are barely on speaking terms

The Clerk of Wood Dalling School Managers writes to the Norfolk Education Committee (E.C) to inform them that the Higdons and managers are barely on speaking terms, and that in both cases a change would be desireable
May 3

Tom Higdon had sent in his resignation

The school manager minutes record that Tom Higdon had sent in his resignation to the Education Committee (Tom had wanted to become the Attendance Officer of the Flegg District
May 4

Mr Gamble & Mr A. Williams

Mr Gamble & Mr A. Williams (another farmer) become managers of Wood Dalling school.
May 17

Tom had withdrawn his resignation

The next meeting of the managers notes that Tom had withdrawn his resignation as second teacher
1907
May 16

Mr JJ Bussens is elected as Chairman

Mr JJ Bussens is elected as Chairman of the School Managers
1908
December 1

First enquiry

First enquiry at Wood Dalling examining the tensions between the Higdons and the school managers
1909
February 22

Wood Dalling school reopens

Wood Dalling school reopens after closure due to a Diphtheria outbreak
1910
March 19

Tom & Annie’s election at the Wood Dalling Parish Elections

The Norwich Mercury records the Tom & Annie’s election at the Wood Dalling Parish Elections. Annie immediately retires her place for Mr W.Pulfer, and Tom replaces Mr JJ Bussens (local farmer/butcher/publican) as chairman of the Parish Council
July 17

Second enquiry

Second enquiry, after further friction between the school managers and Annie Higdon
August 2

Annie Higdon is asked to send in her resignation

Annie Higdon is asked to send in her resignation ‘…as the most prejudical form of removal.’
October 24

Tom Higdon receives a months notice

Tom Higdon receives a months notice to terminate his employment
November 30

Annie expresses her ‘sincere regret..

Under pressure to do so, Annie expresses her ‘sincere regret for my lack of discretion in addressing some of the managers of Wood Dalling school
December 15

The Clerk was directed to write to the E.C

At the managers meeting applications were several teachers were presented. The Clerk was directed to write to the E.C asking that all male team be appointed
December 17

Transfer the Higdons to Burston

In light of Annie’s apology, the committee endeavour to transfer the Higdons to Burston
1911
January 10

Discuss the appointment of a new head teacher

The managers’ of Burston Council School meet to discuss the appointment of a new head teacher
January 31

The Higdon’s arrive in Burston

The Higdon’s arrive in Burston during the evening, on foot after walking from Diss railway station.
February 1

Commencement of teaching position

Commencement of teaching position at Burston council school, Norfolk
1912
June 10

Glowing testimonial of the Higdon’s

Frederick Starr, Clerk to the school managers writes a glowing testimonial of the Higdon’s
June 12

Charles Fisher, writes a glowing testimonial of Tom Higdon

Charles Fisher, local Burston farmer & school manager writes a glowing testimonial of Tom Higdon
October 11

Good & improving report

The government inspector of schools gives a good & improving report only after one year with the Higdon’s in charge
November 29

Annie receives a letter from the Norfolk Education Committee

Annie receives a letter from the Norfolk Education Committee refering to a letter from the 13th Nov from the school managers asking if ‘…will kindly remove Mrs Higdon to a sphere more genial.’
1913
January 23

Rector again writes to the Norfolk Ed

Rector again writes to the Norfolk Ed. Com stating that the managers had ‘willingly acquiesced’ in certain alternations & improvements. Plus false allegations against A. Higdon’s treatment of the Barnardos children.
March 15

Elections, Tom Higdon tops the poll

Burston and Shimpling parish elections. Tom Higdon tops the poll. Rev. Charles Tucker Eland comes bottom
1914
February 23

First allegations being made against Annie.

First (afternoon of) of the Norfolk Education Committee enquiries into the allegations being made against Annie.
February 27

Second allegations being made against Annie

Second (afternoon of) the Norfolk Education Committee enquiries into the allegations being made against Annie
March 21

Conference held in London between

Conference held in London between Annie, her brother and Mr Guy a representative of the NUT Tenure Committee
March 28

Norfolk Education Authority gives notice

Norfolk Education Authority gives Annie 3 month salary in lieu of notice & Tom one months in lieu of notice, with their employment to terminate on 31st March 1914
April 1

The Higdon’s dismissal takes affect

The Higdon’s dismissal takes affect. Later in the day 66 out of 72 children go out ‘on strike’
April 10

The Higdons case is debated.

NUT conference held in Lowestoft. The Higdons case is debated.
April 13

30 parents are fined

30 parents are fined at the Diss Petty Sessions for not sending their children to school. The fines were covered by donations.
May 13

Union formed after a meeting in the Crown Inn

The Burston branch of National Agricultural Labourers’ Union formed after a meeting in the Crown Inn
May 25

A large demonstration of some 500 is held

A large demonstration of some 500 is held. Speakers include representatives from Norwich and Ipswich Trades Councils
May 26

A school committee being elected from the parents

A crowded meeting was held in the newly aquired ‘carpenters shop’ Strike School. A school committee being elected from the parents
June 3

Eviction notice expires.

The Higdons leave the school house after the eviction notice expires.
June 14

Childrens day

Childrens day’ held in connection to the open air services being conducted by supporter, John Sutton lay peacher.
June 15

Eighteen trade union banners aranged around the Green.

A big meeting takes place with no less than eighteen trade union banners aranged around the Green.
December 10

Rev. Eland writes to the Education Committee

Rev. Eland writes to the Education Committee, stating that the school managers find it impossible to work with her (Anni
1915
April 1

First anniversary celebrations

First anniversary celebrations, where the children marched around the village, with tea in the afternoon. At night the parents had a “social” and the Higdons were presented with gifts
July 4

Demonstration held with George Langsbury, R.B. Walker

Norwich Labour Party announced demonstration held with George Langsbury, R.B. Walker of the Agricultural Labourers Union among the speakers
July 24

Conference held between County teachers & deputation from the NUT

Conference held between County teachers & deputation from the NUT executive to consult on Arthur Henderson, M.P offer to act as an arbitrator in the case.
November 10

Large joint National Union of Railwaymen & Agricultural Labourers Union demonstration.

Large joint National Union of Railwaymen & Agricultural Labourers Union demonstration. Nine London branches of the N.U.R were represented with their banners
November 28

Repeated large demo

Repeated large demo by the N.U.R, A.L.U and the Vehicular Workers Union
1916
February 20

First of a series of London public meetings

First of a series of London public meetings organised by the N.U.R held at Kentish Town Public Baths. The Higdons and some 20 striking children present
February 21

Second of the N.U.R public meetings

Second of the N.U.R public meetings, held in Paddington
February 22

Third of the N.U.R public meetings

Third of the N.U.R public meetings, held in Bermondsey
February 23

Final N.U.R organised public meetings

Final N.U.R organised public meetings, held in Stratford
April 1

Two years after the start of the strike

Two years after the start of the strike, the Burston School Strike and Evicted Glebe Tenants National Committee is formed.
April 7

Special NUT conference at Buxton

Special NUT conference at Buxton, considered a motion (which fell) against the unions Tenure Committee in its inadequate handling of the Higdon case.
1917
January 27

Special meeting of Norfolk County Council

Special meeting of Norfolk County Council is held to discuss George Edwards motion calling on the council to appoint a deputation to hold a public inquiry into the Burston School Strike
February 18

Set the date for the grand opening demonstration as 13 May 1917

The National Committee of the Burston School Strike & Evicted Glebe Tenants meet in the Burston Crown and set the date for the grand opening demonstration as 13 May 1917
February 26

New inquiry against the allegations made against Annie

Both the vice president and president of the N.U.T visit Burston to hear evidence in the new inquiry against the allegations made against Annie
April 12

A special NUT meeting takes place in London

A special NUT meeting takes place in London.  During which a motion calling on ‘…the full resources of the union to be used to secure the Higdons reinstatement.’ is debated but fails to pass
May 13

The new ‘Strike School’ was declared open

The new ‘Strike School’ was declared open by Violet Potter. George Langsbury, MP lays the foundation stone
June 1

Disagreement between Higdon supporter Mr Garnham

After a disagreement between Higdon supporter Mr Garnham over a memorial tablet placed in the Church to his son, Tom (with others) is summoned for having ‘…used abusive and insulting language to the Rev. Eland and his wife’ .
1919
April 10

Tom was defeated in the Parish Elections

Tom was defeated in the Parish Elections, which was mainly spilt down party lines. Tom’s labour group lost out as England was engulfed by post war conservatism
1920
February 21

George Durbridge shot dead by his son after returning home in a drunken rage

George Durbridge; conservative, fish seller but Higdon supporter who chaired the first (and other) meetings on the Green, shot dead by his son after returning home in a drunken rage
1923
April 1

At the ninth anniversary meeting

At the ninth anniversary meeting, Tom speaks at length on the ongoing farm workers strike.
1937
August 20

Depwade Rural District Council meeting

At a Depwade Rural District Council meeting, Tom (who was a councillor) is recorded as championing the family evicted from a farm cottage in Burston
1938
August 12

Depwade Council meeting vigoursly opposing grants

Recorded, again at a Depwade Council meeting vigoursly opposing grants to farmers for the building of tied accommodation.
1939
May 23

Tom Higdon died

1946
April 24

Annie Catherine Higdon died