Anne Catherine Schollick born
Anne Catherine Schollick born, in Poulton-cum-Seacombe, Cheshire.
Thomas George Higdon born
Thomas George Higdon born in Huxham, in the parish of East Pennard, Somerset.
Tom and Annie are married
Tom and Annie are married in the Holy Trinity Church, Clifton, Gloucester.
Tom is highly praised for his teaching
Tom is highly praised in a testimonial written by the the Rector of St James’s Piccadilly on behalf of the school managers.
Wood Dalling County School
The Higdons commence their teaching positions at Wood Dalling County School, Norfolk.
Inadequate staffing levels at Wood Dalling
The School Inspector report refers to inadequate staffing levels at Wood Dalling, just as Annie had already raised with the school managers.
Tom assaults local farmer Mr Gamble
Tom ends up assaulting local farmer, Mr Gamble, for repeating taking children out of school to do his farm work.
Reports of Tom’s assault on farmer Gamble
The local press carry detailed reports of Tom’s assault case. The Higdons have only been in Norfolk six months.
The Higdons and school managers are barely on speaking terms
The Clerk of the Wood Dalling School Managers writes to the Norfolk Education Committee (E.C) to inform them that the Higdons and managers are barely on speaking terms, and that in both cases a change would be desireable.
Tom Higdon sends in his resignation
The school manager minutes record that the Assistant Master had sent in his resignation to the Norfolk Education Committee (Tom had wanted to become the Attendance Officer of the Flegg District).
Mr Gamble becomes chair of Wood Dalling school board
Mr Gamble & Mr Williams (another farmer) become managers on the Wood Dalling School Board. Gamble goes on to become the Chair.
Tom withdraws his resignation
The next meeting of the managers notes that Tom had withdrawn his resignation as second teacher.
Mr JJ Bussens is elected as Chairman
Mr JJ Bussens is elected as Chairman of the School Managers. He goes on to have a particularly terse relationship with the Higdons.
Norfolk Education Committee holds an enquiry at Wood Dalling school to examine the tensions between the teachers and the school managers.
Wood Dalling school reopens
Wood Dalling school reopens after its closure due to a Diphtheria outbreak.
Tom & Annie are elected at the Wood Dalling Parish Elections
The Norwich Mercury records Tom & Annie’s election at the Wood Dalling Parish Elections. Annie immediately retires her place to owe labourer, Mr W.Pulfer, to take her seat. Tom replaces Mr JJ Bussens (local farmer/butcher/publican) as chairman of the Wood Dalling Parish Council.
A second enquiry is held, after further friction between the school managers and Annie.
Annie Higdon is asked to send in her resignation
Annie, as Headmistress, is asked to send in her resignation ‘…as the most prejudical form of removal.’
Tom Higdon receives his notice
Tom receives a months notice to terminate his employment.
Annie expresses her ‘sincere regret’
Under pressure to do so, Annie, expresses her ‘sincere regret for my lack of discretion in addressing some of the managers of Wood Dalling school’.
The parish Clerk is directed to write to the E.C
At the managers meeting applications from several teachers are presented. The Clerk is then directed to write to the Norfolk Education Committee asking that all male team be appointed.
The Higdons are transferred to Burston
In light of Annie’s apology, the committee endeavour to transfer the Higdons to Burston
Discussion on the appointment of a new head teacher at Burston
The managers’ of Burston Council School meet to discuss the appointment of a new head teacher.
The Higdons arrive in Burston
The Higdons arrive in Burston during the evening, on foot, after having to walk from Diss railway station because the train had failed to stop in the village.
Commencement of teaching position
The Higdons commence their teaching positions at Burston council school, Norfolk. A transfer that they did not take up with any sense of enthusiasm.
Glowing testimonial of the Higdons
Frederick Starr, Clerk to the school managers, writes a glowing testimonial of the Higdons.
Charles Fisher writes a glowing testimonial
Charles Fisher, local Burston farmer & school manager writes a glowing testimonial of Tom Higdon. Fisher’s support would not last!
Good & improving report
The Government Inspector of Schools gives a good & improving report only after one year with the Higdons in charge.
Annie receives a letter from the Norfolk Education Committee
Annie receives a letter from the Norfolk Education Committee refering to a letter originally dated the 13th Nov from the school managers asking if they ‘…will kindly remove Mrs Higdon to a sphere more genial.’
Rector again writes to the Norfolk Education Committee
Rector again writes to the Norfolk Ed. Com stating that the managers had ‘willingly acquiesced’ in certain alternations & improvements. Plus false allegations against A. Higdon’s treatment of the Barnardos children.
Tom Higdon tops the Parish Council poll
Burston and Shimpling parish elections. Tom Higdon tops the poll. Rev. Charles Tucker Eland comes bottom
First allegations being made against Annie
First (afternoon of) of the Norfolk Education Committee enquiries into the allegations being made against Annie.
Further allegations are made against Annie
Second (afternoon of) the Norfolk Education Committee enquiries into the allegations being made against Annie
Conference held in London between
Conference is held in London between Annie, her brother, and Mr Guy a representative of the NUT Tenure Committee.
Norfolk Education Authority gives notice
The Norfolk Education Authority gives Annie three month salary in lieu of notice, and Tom one month, with their employment set to terminate on 31st March 1914.
The Higdon’s case is debated
At the annual conference of the NUT, the Higdons case is debated but no support is forthcoming from the union. It would take three years after their dismissal that the NUT would provide financial assistance.
30 parents are fined
Some thirty parents are fined at the Diss Petty Sessions for not sending their children to school. The fines were covered by donations collected outside of the court.
Burston branch of the union formed
The Burston branch of National Agricultural Labourers’ Union is formed after a meeting in the Crown Inn. The strike has been on-going for six weeks.
A large demonstration of 500
A large demonstration of some 500 is held. Speakers include representatives from Norwich and Ipswich Trades Councils, and the wider Labour movement.
A school committee elected from the parents
At a crowded meeting held in the newly aquired ‘carpenters shop’ Strike School a new school committee is elected from the parents.
Eviction notice expires
The Higdons have to leave the council school house after their eviction notice expires.
A ‘children’s day’ is held and open air services are conducted by Higdon supporter and Primitive Methodist lay preacher John Sutton.
18 trade union banners around the Green
A big public meeting takes place with no less than eighteen trade union banners aranged around the Green.
Rev. Eland writes to the Education Committee
The Rev. Eland writes to the Norfolk Education Committee stating that the school managers find it impossible to work with the Headmistress.
Demonstration held with George Lansbury
Norwich Labour Party organises are large demonstration, with George Langsbury and ‘General’ Robert Walker of the Agricultural Labourers Union among the speakers.
Conference held between County teachers & deputation from the NUT
A conference is held between county teachers & a deputation from the NUT executive to consult on Arthur Henderson MP’s offer to act as an arbitrator in the ‘Higdon case’.
Large joint National Union of Railwaymen & Agricultural Labourers Union demonstration.
A large National Union of Railwaymen & Agricultural Labourers’ Union demonstration is held. Nine London branches of the NUR are represented with their banners.
Repeated large demonstrations
Repeated large demonstrations are organised by the NUR, Agricultural Labourers’ Union and the Vehicular Workers’ Union.
First of a series of London public meetings
First of a series of London public meetings organised by the NUR is held at Kentish Town Public Baths. The Higdons and some 20 striking children attend.
The second NUR public meeting
Second of the NUR public meetings is held in Paddington.
Third of the NUR public meetings
Third of the NUR public meetings is held in Bermondsey.
Final NUR organised public meeting
The final NUR organised public meeting is held in Stratford.
Two years after the start of the strike
Two years after the start of the strike, the Burston School Strike and Evicted Glebe Tenants National Committee is formed.
Special NUT conference at Buxton, Norfok
A special NUT conference is held in Buxton, Norfolk, at which a motion is debated (but fails to pass) against the NUT Tenure Committee and its inadequate handling of the Higdon case.
Special meeting of Norfolk County Council
Special meeting of Norfolk County Council is held to discuss George Edwards motion calling on the Council to appoint a deputation to hold a public inquiry into the school strike.
The date is set for the grand opening as 13 May 1917
The National Committee of the Burston School Strike & Evicted Glebe Tenants meet in the Burston Crown Inn and set the date for the grand opening of the new ‘Strike School’ as 13 May 1917.
New inquiry against the allegations made against Annie
Both the Vice President and President of the NUT visit Burston to hear evidence in a new inquiry against the allegations made against Annie.
A special NUT meeting takes place in London
A special NUT meeting takes place in London. During which a motion calling on ‘…the full resources of the union to be used to secure the Higdons reinstatement’ is debated but fails to pass.
The new ‘Strike School’ is declared open
During a grand official opening event, the new ‘Strike School’ is declared open by Violet Potter.
Disagreement between Higdon supporter Mr Garnham and Rev. Eland
After a disagreement between Higdon supporter Mr Garnham over a memorial tablet placed in the Church to his dead son, Tom (with others), is summoned for having ‘…used abusive and insulting language towards the Rev. Eland and his wife’ .
Tom defeated in the Parish Elections
Tom is narrowly defeated in the Parish Elections. The 1919 election was mainly spilt down party lines and Tom’s labour group lost out as England was engulfed by post war conservatism.
George Durbidge shot dead
George Durbidge, the ardent Higdon supporter, who chaired the first (and other) meetings on the Green, is shot dead by his son after returning home in a drunken rage.
The ninth anniversary meeting
On the ninth School Strike anniversary, Tom, speaks at length on the ongoing farm workers strike in Norfolk.
Depwade Rural District Council
At a Depwade Rural District Council meeting, Tom (who was a councillor), is recorded as championing the interests of a family evicted from a farm cottage in Burston
Depwade Council Meeting
Tom is recorded, again at a Depwade Council meeting, vigorously opposing grants to farmers for the building of tied accommodation.